One of the most common skin conditions, eczema affects about one in five infants and even those later in life who may not have encountered it as a child. It’s a skin condition that causes a lot of grief and discomfort to those that suffer from it.
But help is at hand as the team at a skin clinic in London can help alleviate the symptoms or even potentially reduce them. Here are a few methods that a dermatologist might try to use to diagnose and alleviate your symptoms.
What is eczema?
A complex skin condition that can occur because of a number of factors, it often manifests itself in dry itchy skin that can flake or become blistered, crusted, scaly or infected depending on the severity of the case. It’s caused by an over-reactive inflammation and allergy response by the skin barrier which forms as an irritated layer of skin that itches profusely.
One of the first stepping stones to helping those with eczema is to test for allergies to substances that are known to trigger allergic reactions amongst patients. The most common form of this testing is known as the ‘scratch test’ whereby a small bit of an allergen, such as a piece of food, animal dander or pollen is placed on a needle that’s pricked on the outer layer of skin. Then they observe the area to see if there’s a reaction.
This testing can cover the likes of foods such as milk, eggs, peanuts, wheat, soy or chemical elements such as detergents, soaps and sprays. It’s fairly thorough and is considered one of the main ways to diagnose the source of the irritating eczema on the skin.
The next suggestion you may get from your dermatology team would be to eliminate foods in your diet that commonly cause allergic reactions, one at a time. Doing this will allow you to figure out what could be causing your skin to react in such a way so you can then remove it from your life or find a more hypoallergenic alternative.
Provide moisturising ointments
To help alleviate symptoms a clinic team may recommend using a moisturising cream to control some of the itching feeling and help repair the skin that’s been damaged by scratching and scabbing. Depending on the case, the area may have to be moisturised more than once a day to keep the symptoms at bay and help provide a better quality of life as the skin heals.
In some of the more severe cases a dermatology expert may recommend that prescribed medication is used. This could be in the form of antibiotics or steroids to control the inflammation or prevent the
further spread of infection if the skin has started to weep or become blistered.
These are just a few of the different options for helping to treat and alleviate the symptoms and discomfort that comes with eczema. Contact your local dermatologist for further information or a recommendation for treatment of this condition.